Gastrointestinal Complications in Diabetes
Gastrointestinal complications of diabetes include gastroparesis, intestinal enteropathy (which can cause diarrhea, constipation, and fecal incontinence), and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Patients with gastroparesis may present with early satiety, nausea, vomiting, bloating, postprandial fullness, or upper abdominal pain. The diagnosis of diabetic gastroparesis is made when other causes are excluded and postprandial gastric stasis is confirmed by gastric emptying scintigraphy. Treatment of diabetes-related constipation and diarrhea is aimed at supportive measures and symptom control. Controlling blood glucose levels is important for managing most gastrointestinal complications.
- Diabetes and Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease
- Association Between Diabetes and Other GI Diseases