Gastrointestinal Complications in Pregnancy
In the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, normal physiological changes during pregnancy produce dramatic modifications. Visceral organs rearrange to accommodate uterine growth. Ovarian and placental hormone levels fluctuate, altering:
· Esophageal sphincter pressure
· GI motility
· Gallbladder contractility
· Intrahepatic bile salt transport.
Gastrointestinal (GI) disorders represent some of the most frequent complaints during pregnancy. Some women have GI disorders that are unique to pregnancy. Other pregnant patients present with chronic GI disorders that require special consideration during pregnancy.Pregnancy may complicate most gastrointestinal diseases, particularly gastroesophageal reflux and inflammatory bowel disease. In addition, gastrointestinal symptoms are extremely common in the pregnant patient